The Linux kernel has some fairly sophisticated queueing disciplines like fq_codel, but the default one is pfifo_fast, and that's what our edg-perfXX machines use.

      pfifo_fast is like three tc-pfifo(8) queues side by side,
      where packets can be enqueued in any of the three bands based on
      their Type of Service bits or assigned priority.

      Not all three bands are dequeued simultaneously - as long as lower
      bands have traffic, higher bands are never dequeued. This can be used
      to prioritize interactive traffic or penalize 'lowest cost' traffic.

      These are some examples of band mappings:

      TOS     Bits  Means                    Linux Priority    Band
      0x0     0     Normal Service           0 Best Effort     1
      0x8     4     Maximize Throughput      2 Bulk            2
      0x10    8     Minimize Delay           6 Interactive     0
      0x18    12    mt+md                    4 Int. Bulk       1

      By default UDP.tos="8", which makes all UDP traffic go into band 2, lowest priority (bulk). HotRod clients and servers don't set a TOS on their sockets, so the client-server packets go into band 1, middle priority (best effort).

      FD_ALL and FD_ALL2 heartbeats are also UDP traffic, and in some read-only client-server test there is enough client-server traffic in band 1 to delay the FD_ALL heartbeats for more than 10 seconds.

      We could either set the default TOS to 0 (best effort), or 0x18 (maximize throughput + minimize delay), the result is the same: band 1.

      We could also try to set the TOS to 0x10 to get them into band 0, but while it would work in Infinispan-only benchmarks, it would probably be unfair to other communications on the same machine.

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                  dan.berindei Dan Berindei
                  dan.berindei Dan Berindei
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